The coffee press was patented by Milanese designer Attilio Calimani in 1929.
It underwent several design modifications through Faliero Bondanini, who patented his own version in 1958 and began manufacturing it in a French clarinet factory.
The device was further popularised across Europe by a British company by the name of Household Articles Ltd. and the Danish tableware and kitchenware company Bodum. Let’s see how to prepare the French Press or Cafetiere:
1. Preheat your cafetière by pouring in some boiling water
2. Discard the water,
3. Ground 50/60g of fresh roasted coffee medium to coarse and put it in the Cafetiere
4. Preheat 850ml of water to 90° degrees and pour it over the dry coffee.
5. Let it steep for four minutes with the plunger cap on, but not pressed down.
6. Remove the plunger then stir a few times and with a tea spoon remove the crust on top.
7. Wait 5 more minutes, after that, place the plunger and push it just till it’s sitting on the surface of the coffee.
8. Transfer the coffee to heated jug and serve.
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CHEMEX was invented in 1941 by chemist Dr. Peter Schlumbohm. His goal was to make everyday objects more functional, attractive and pleasant to use.
When designing the CHEMEX, Schlumbohm wanted not only to make it easy to prepare the perfect cup, but also to make the bowl an object of beauty. Being a chemist, he has studied and clearly understood the chemistry behind the extraction of flavour and caffeine from coffee beans.
Let’s see how to brew coffee with the Chemex:
1. Place the tripled layered section of the filter on the spout side of the glass jar.
2. Give it a rinse through with hot water, then tip away the excess.
3. Place 30g of medium to coarse ground coffee in the filter paper.
4. Pour 50g of water into the grounds, until they’re saturated. Watch them bloom.
6. After 30 seconds, pour in 200g more water.
7. Then after 60 seconds, add 200g more.
8. Now, let it finish dripping.
9. After 3/4 minutes your coffee is ready…
The Moka was invented by Alfonso Bialetti in 1933.
The name derives from the city of Mokha in Yemen, one of the earliest and most famous areas of coffee production.
Let’s see how to make Moka coffee:
1. Ground some fresh roasted coffee but not too fine
2. Fill the bottom of the moka pot with preheated water up to the safety valve without covering it
3. Put your ground coffee into the filter and level it
without any pressing.
4. Place the filter back in the Moka pot and screw the top of the moka very tight. ( beware that the bottom is hot )
5. Put the Pot on low/medium heat
6. When the pot starts bubbling take it off the heat and serve